Just because your father, boyfriend or best friend can scarf down a cow and 5 bowls of kari at each meal and still remain fabulously slim, doesn’t mean you can. Every individual has different daily calorie requirements, and the recommended daily calorie intake of 2,500 kcal isn’t an umbrella number for you and every other human being who shares the same birthday as you.

Source: justaddgoodstuff.com
Source: justaddgoodstuff.com

Your daily calorie needs very much depends on your body weight, height, age, and physical activity status.  It’s simple logic. If you are physically active, you will need more calories to maintain the energy balance, and if you’re sitting or sleeping 90% of your day, you probably don’t need much.

The problems occur when you miscalculate your calorie intake, thinking you’ve consumed less than your expended energy, and that’s the first step towards obesity.

I’m going to teach you how to calculate just exactly what your daily calorie / energy requirement is, but before we get to that, let’s meet Calvin first.

Source: StaandLooper
Meet Calvin | Source: StaandLooper

Calvin (pictured above) is an office executive who hardly hits the gym or running tracks. He weighs 80kg, and is 160cm (1.6m) tall. This year, he turns 26. We’ll be using Calvin as an example on how to calculate your daily calorie requirement.

Step 1. Calculate Your BMI 

< 18.5Underweight
18.5- 24.9Normal
25.0- 29.9Overweight
30.0-34.9Obese I
35.0-39.9Obese II
>40.0Obese III

* Adapted from World Health Organization Global Database on BMI (2004) 

BMI Formula = Weight (kg) / (Height (m) x Height (m))

Calvin’s BMI = 80 / (1.6 x 1.6), which is 31.25 (Obese I)

Step 2. Calculate Your Ideal Weight

Ideal weight formula = Height (m²) x Normal BMI (chosen BMI range= 24)

Ideal weight for Calvin = (1.6 x 1.6) x 24, which is 61.4kg (remember this number, it’ll be used later in Step 3)

Step 3. Calculate Your Basal Metabolic Rate

Source: ivy-rose.co.uk
Source: ivy-rose.co.uk

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the energy required to maintain a normal body’s metabolic processes such as breathing, maintain the normal body temperature, and food digestion. This amount of the energy is vital for the organs to be fully functioning such as lungs, heart, nervous system, kidney, liver, intestine, and more.

The Harris Benedict Formula is used to calculate human basal metabolism, and the formula looks like this:

Men: 66.47 + [13.75 x (W)] + [5.0 x (H)] – [6.75 x (A)]

Women: 655.1 + [9.56 x (W)] + [1.85 x (H)] – [4.67 x (A)]

Reference
W= Use your ideal body weight (kg), which you calculated earlier in step 2
H= Height (cm)
A= Age

Here’s how we calculated the BMR for Calvin:

66.47+ [13.75 x (61.4)] + [5 x (160)] – [6.75 x (26)] = 1,535

Source: Harris JA, Benedict FG. A biometric study of human basal metabolism. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1918;4(12):370-3.

Step 4. Estimate your calorie requirement each day

Source: academichelp.net
Source: academichelp.net

The final step in the estimation of your calorie requirement depends on your behavior. Look at the table below and pick the group you’re in based on your activity level. Be honest here otherwise it wouldn’t be accurate:

Types of Physical Activity Daily Calories Needed
Little / No Exercise BMR x 1.2
Light Exercise (1-3 times / week)BMR x 1.37
Moderate Exercise (3-5 times / week)BMR x 1.55
Heavy Exercise (Almost everyday)BMR x 1.73
Very Active (Twice per day)BMR x 1.9

Calvin is an office executive, who sits in front of the computer from 8am to 5pm. The only running he does is between cubicles to attend dreaded meetings, where he’s also sitting down. He leaves home at 6.30am and only comes back at 8pm to avoid the massive traffic jam in the heart of Kuala Lumpur (Read: “I don’t have time to hit the gym and I’m always busy even in the weekends – family breakfast and whatnot”).

So Calvin belongs in the “Little/ No Exercise” group. His daily calorie requirement is:

1,535 (BMR) x 1.2 (Little / No Exercise) = 1,842 Kcal ~ 1,800 Kcal/day

Step 5. Adjust Your Calorie Intake Based on Your Weight Loss / Gain Goals

Source: The Star
Source: The Star

If Calvin wants to shed 10% of his current body weight, it’ll take him about 3-6 months depending on how much effort he puts in it (strict meal planning / workout routine). The healthy range of weight loss is between 0.5kg – 1kg/week.

He needs to reduce 250-500 Kcal from his daily calorie requirement, which means he’ll get only 1,300 – 1,550 Kcal/day.

We’ll discuss further on how to divide your daily calories requirement for breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks in between meals in a future article.

_____

Did your actual daily calorie requirement surprise you? Was it lower or higher than you expected? Share with us in the comments below or on our Facebook page!

 

Edited by The HealthWorks Team
Contributed by Nurulasyikin M, primary care dietitian at Pusat Perubatan Menara, KL.
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4 Comments

  • Hafiz
    Posted Sep 11, 2014 1:49 pm 0Likes

    very easy to understand! good article! ! thanks! but what is the best way to lose weight fast?

    • Rue
      Posted Sep 11, 2014 3:13 pm 0Likes

      Hi Hafiz!

      Love your question! Everyone would love to lose weight fast. However, that is not sustainable in my opinion. Because by losing weight fast through a crash diet, you might gain it back twice the speed once you are off the diet. The best way is still embracing a healthy living lifestyle – eat right and exercise (cardio and weights). And this, can never be fast. You might see a fast weight loss at the start but after a month or two it will start slowing down. However if you carry on, sooner or later you’ll notice that your body is stronger and healthier in the long run. Take note as well that weight lifting burns more fats than cardio. Weight lifting also requires more calories, meaning you get to eat more food (of course pick the right ones). When your body gets leaner, toner, and stronger – most likely you might weigh heavier!

      So my personal advice? Ditch the weighing scale and focus on eating the right foods and working out daily. Your body shape and how you feel is more important than how much you weigh 🙂

      Hope that helps to give some perspectives 🙂

  • amerul
    Posted Oct 14, 2014 8:19 pm 0Likes

    salam..saya nak tanya..adakah Harris Benedict Formula sesuai untuk orang asia? atau ada formula lain yg lebih accurate?

  • asyikinm
    Posted Oct 16, 2014 7:01 am 0Likes

    Mengenai soalan anda adakah Harris Benedict Formula sesuai digunakan untuk orang asia?

    Ya ianya sesuai digunakan. Menurut kajian yang dilakukan di Tehran, Iran (Amirkalali et al. 2008). Tiada perbezaan ketara antara formula Harris Benedict dan formula lain yang sering digunakan iaitu formula Mifflin-St. Jeor

    Mifflin St. Jeor
    Male-: 10 x W(kg) + 6.25 x H (cm)- (5 x A) + 5
    Female-: 10 x W (kg) + 6.25 X H (cm)- (5 x A) – 161

    W= Weight(kg) H= Height (cm) A= Age (years)

    Tetapi tidak dinafikan sekiranya nilai kalori dikira menggunakan formula Mifflin St. Jeor ianya lebih rendah berbanding formula Harris- Benedict. Dan banyak aplikasi pengiraan kalori dikira menggunakan formula Mifflin-St. Jeor.

    I hope the answer above helps you to understand further regarding the calories requirement.

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